Dipping your toes into compression

For those of us who may be new to the world of compression, you may be overwhelmed with what it is and why it’s so good for you and your body.

What are compression socks?

Compression socks are specifically designed to hug your legs by applying graduated pressure to your ankle and then up your leg to improve circulation. By graduated, we mean that the pressure is strongest at your ankle and gradually decreases as it goes up your leg. There are various levels of compression, stated as numerical ranges, and the amount of compression is measured by millimeters of mercury, or mmHg.

How does compression help my body?

Our circulatory system works hard every day to move our blood from our hearts, to our toes and then back again continuously. No matter what we do, from day to day, this function happens. We may be super active and on-the-go one day, and on those days, our calf muscles flex and pump the blood back up to our legs. But on other days, we may be taking it easy, sitting for long periods of time, which can cause the blood to pool in our ankles. Compression socks can help when we’re taking it easy, as they keep the blood circulating, energizing your legs and reducing fatigue and heaviness.

Why should I wear compression?

For those with a medical condition that requires compression (like those with venous insufficiency), lymphedema or deep vein thrombosis, wearing these stockings are a daily part of life. But medical compression stockings are not just ideal for those who’s doctors require it – it is even good for those who want overall wellness and better feeling legs. A growing number of people wear compression for preventative measures and to improve their overall health. The includes:

  • Pregnant women who may be retaining water in their ankles/feet and want to decrease swelling
  • Athletes who want to improve their athletic performance, reduce injury and heal quicker
  • Anyone who sits or stands for an extended period of time to alleviate swollen ankles and tired, achy legs

Can I still be stylish?

Compression stockings have come a long way. Many people may picture their grandma in her beigey yellow knee-highs back in the day. But fear no more. medi’s Rejuva® brand is a fashion-forward line of compression legwear that complements products from our more traditional mediven® line. These are fun, medical support socks with a wide variety of designs, prints, colors and patterns that add a pop of flair to any wardrobe while also providing functional therapy.

And, Rejuva even has a new length to offer first-time compression wearers – the crew cut! The feet is where edema (swelling) typically starts and where the compression is most helpful. So even though these new stockings don’t go all the way to the knee, the benefit is still there and provides a great entry-level dip into the compression pool. The crew cut socks are also the perfect length for fall’s favorite footwear – the boot/bootie.

Don’t delay on improving your health and wellness. Try out compression and see how it can be a part of your life (even if not your whole life!)


The original Compression Wrap

circaid®: inspired by nature

The idea and development of circaid products is founded upon the giraffe, the tallest animal in the world. The founder, Frank Shaw, created the first inelastic compression device based upon the anatomy of the giraffe leg.

In contrast to humans, the skin of giraffes does not expand on the legs.1 Due to the high density of inelastic collagen fibers and the relatively thick top layer of skin, the tissue pressure of giraffes is increased, promoting lymphatic and venous return flow. Giraffes thus carry permanent natural compression.2

Easy. Measurable. Effective

circaid is the original compression wrap dating back to 1991. circaid products offer measurable compression that is instantly adjustable and an easy application that makes for good compliance.

circaid juxtalite – the compression alternative

The juxtalite products make up the venous health segment of the circaid portfolio. They are the perfect alternative to elastic compression due to the juxtaposed application straps. These soft and comfortable bands can be wrapped around the leg, versus being pulled over the foot and up the leg like traditional compression. It is this ease of application that makes it the most popular compression wrap in wound care.

Giraffe skin is inelastic

Accurate compression

The level of compression for juxtalite products is measured through a Built-in Pressure System™ (BPS™) that ensures accurate compression prescribed by a clinician. An added bonus – the level of compression can be adjusted throughout the day and by the wearer themselves. The inelastic bands can be adjusted as needed to provide consistent gradient compression for proper dosage.

Inelastic Material

The lightweight, inelastic fabric can be worn discretely underneath clothing, for day or nighttime use. The Clima Fresh prevents odor and propagation of bacteria. The material provides the dynamic compression necessary for faster healing rates that ultimately enhance compliance.

Clinically proven

The circaid juxtalite is clinically proven to treat venous disease.3 circaid products address the underlying cause of venous insufficiency. Thus, compression garments must be used indefinitely or ulceration can reoccur. Check out the study for more information.

To learn more about the circaid line of inelastic products, visit https://www.mediusa.com/healthcare-professional/venous-health-solutions/products-for-venous-health/circaid-2/

References:

1 Sathar F, Ludo Badlangana N, Manger PR. Variations in the thickness and composition of the skin of the giraffe. Anatomical record 2010;293(9):1615-1627.

2 Giraffen. Online published at: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giraffen (latest access 30-8-2019).

3 Inelastic compression legging produces gradient compression and significantly higher skin surface pressures compared with an elastic compression stocking. Kline CN, Macias BR, Kraus E, Neuschwander TB, Angle N, Bergan J, Hargens AR. Published in Vascular, Volume 16, No. 1, 2008


Women & Peripheral Arterial Disease

Women are often overlooked when it comes to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) as these issues are generally regarded to primarily affect men, but this is not the case. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is no exception and women are at greater risk of misdiagnosis or even delayed diagnosis. This can lead to greater morbidity and mortality.

PAD is a common yet underdiagnosed circulatory problem in which narrowed arteries reduce the blood flow to the limbs. When PAD develops, the extremities, and in particular the legs, don’t receive enough direct blood flow to keep up with demand.

More recent studies have indicated that not only is the prevalence of CVDs and PAD similar for both genders, but it is higher in women (1, 2, 3, 4). When it comes to women, studies have indicated that women are more likely to have asymptomatic PAD then their counterparts (5, 6, 7, 8, 9). Additionally, women are more likely to present with atypical symptoms that could be attributed to other medical conditions, delaying accurate diagnosis despite possible inclusion in risk groups (10).

Women are more likely to have only PAD in the absence of other CVDs (1). Compounded with common asymptomatic presentation, this leads to a greater chance of missed diagnosis and delayed treatment. In other words, women often don’t even receive a simple screening, despite the simplicity and low cost of some diagnostic methods.

How can you screen for PAD?

There is a quick, non-invasive method to screen for PAD called an Ankle Brachial Index, or ABI. medi has a diagnostic device called the MESI ABPI which gives patients a reliable reading on extremities to help identify PAD in as little as a minute. Along with being extremely quick, the device delivers accurate results without any serious consequences, eliminates human error, and provides a clear, proper treatment plan.

Are women with PAD undertreated?

In practice, many patients, male or female, aren’t receiving proper treatment. Studies have found that patients with only PAD were less likely to receive treatment with either statins, ACE inhibitors, or antiplatelet agents than those with both PAD and CAD (11, 12). In those cases, women were even less likely than men to receive those drugs.

Women, especially older ones, are at greater risk of PAD-related morbidity and mortality due to the frequently asymptomatic nature of the disease and consequently delayed diagnosis. Possible solutions are increased screening of elderly patients, particularly those in risk groups, and aggressive treatment and risk factor modification in those with a positive diagnosis.

As September is PAD Awareness Month, it is even more important to know your risks of developing PAD and test to rule out an unknowing illness. Visit our PAD landing page to learn more and stay safe.

References:

(1) Peripheral Arterial Disease Detection, Awareness, and Treatment in Primary Care > https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/194205

(2) A population-based study of peripheral arterial disease prevalence with special focus on critical limb ischemia and sex differences > https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17543683

(3) Prevalence and prediction of previously unrecognized peripheral arterial disease in patients with coronary artery disease: The peripheral arterial disease in Interventional Patients Study > https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ccd.21969

(4) Particularities of peripheral arterial disease managed in vascular surgery in the French West Indies > https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18391869

(5) Prevalence and correlates of lower extremity arterial disease in elderly women > https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8465807

(6) Women and peripheral arterial disease: same disease, different issues > https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18334893

(7) Asymptomatic Peripheral Arterial Disease Is Independently Associated With Impaired Lower Extremity Functioning > https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/full/10.1161/01.cir.101.9.1007

(8) Arterial vascular disease in women > https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17950570

(9) Peripheral Arterial Disease in the Elderly > https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/full/10.1161/01.atv.18.2.185

(10) Sex differences in peripheral arterial disease: leg symptoms and physical functioning > https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12558719

(11) Risk factor profile, management, and prognosis of patients with peripheral arterial disease with or without coronary artery disease: results of the prospective German REACH registry cohort > https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19221687

(12) Incidence of peripheral vascular disease in women: is it different from that in men? > https://www.jtcvs.org/article/S0022-5223(03)01814-2/fulltext


How to use Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) in wound care?

The exact definition of a chronic wound varies between various national and international medical organizations, but it is generally described as a wound that does not heal in a predictable length of time.

There were at least 8.2 million patients with chronic wounds in 2018, up from 6.5 million in 2009, but those numbers include only national health insurance program (Medicare) beneficiaries, excluding those insured by other health insurance companies or with no medical insurance [1].

Differentiating between the two types can be difficult without proper diagnostic tools that can help clinicians identify the underlying cause. There are several modern methods available, but none as cost-effective and convenient as the ABI (Ankle-Brachial Index) assessment. Namely, arterial wounds are caused by PAD (Peripheral Arterial Disease), which by itself is a largely asymptomatic disease and can only be reliably diagnosed with an ABI assessment [2-6].

The ABI, a ratio between the blood pressure at the ankle and arm, is markedly different in those with healthy arteries but with venous issues, and those with PAD, making it an excellent indicator of ulcer’s etiology. There are also in-between values in those with both types of ulcers that require a comprehensive, balanced approach to treatment [7].

The answer to the question “Is it possible to measure the ABI on patients with wounds?” is, therefore, a resounding YES and the reason why it is used in numerous epidemiological (and other) studies of lower extremity ulceration. They likewise include a study conducted in India that wanted to evaluate the association between abnormal ABI and clinical outcomes in patients with lower limb ulcers and the differences between prevalence rates in India and worldwide [8].

They found that 84% of examined ulcers were of vascular origin and that 52% of them were arterial ulcers — in contrast to the estimated worldwide prevalence of between 10% and 30% [15]. Additionally, researchers noted that the majority of those patients were males with a history of smoking, which is not surprising given its role as the single most prominent modifiable risk factor for PAD, adding further credibility to the recommended preventive screening for PAD, with special emphasis on patients in risk groups [9-12].

Use of ABI measurement in chronic wound assessment should be a prerequisite step before deciding on the proper treatment regimen, particularly in cases of ulcers with mixed etiology.

At medi, we have the MESI ABPI, which gives patients a reliable reading on extremities to identify PAD in as little as a minute. This method is accurate without serious consequences, eliminates human error and provides a clear, proper treatment plan.

mediven angio compression sock

And, if that treatment plan includes medical compression, we now have the mediven® angio, the only clinically proven medical compression stocking that fits the safety requirements for mid-to-moderate PAD patients with therapeutic treatment needs for chronic venous disease.

References:

[1] An Economic Evaluation of the Impact, Cost, and Medicare Policy Implications of Chronic Nonhealing Wounds > https://www.valueinhealthjournal.com/article/S1098-3015(17)30329-7/fulltext

[2] Peripheral Arterial Disease Detection, Awareness, and Treatment in Primary Care > https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/194205

[3] Leg Symptoms in Peripheral Arterial Disease > https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/194250

[4] Reliability of ankle:brachial pressure index measurement by junior doctors > https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8156330/

[5] Detection of peripheral arterial disease with an improved automated device: comparison of a new oscillometric device and the standard Doppler method > https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4973721/

[6] Comparison Of Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) Measurement Between A New Oscillometric Device (MESI ABPI Md®) And The Standard Doppler Method In The Diagnosis Of Lower Extremity Arterial Disease (LEAD) > http://www.heraldopenaccess.us/fulltext/Non-Invasive-Vascular-Investigation/Comparison-of-Ankle-Brachial-Index-ABI-Measurement-between-a-New-Oscillometric-Device-MESI-ABPI-Md-and-the-Standard-Doppler-Method.php

[7] Doppler assessment and ABPI: Interpretation in the management of leg ulceration > http://www.worldwidewounds.com/2001/march/Vowden/Doppler-assessment-and-ABPI.html

[8] Role of Ankle Brachial Index (ABI) in Management of Non-Healing Ulcers of Lower Limb > https://www.jusurgery.com/universalsurgery/role-of-ankle-brachial-index-abi-in-management-of-nonhealing-ulcers-of-lower-limb.php?aid=21788

[9] The Influence of Smoking Cessation on Hemodynamics and Arterial Compliance > https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0003319706293119

[10] Relationship of smoking and smoking cessation with ankle-to-arm blood pressure index in elderly Japanese men > https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16575279

[11] Influence of smoking on incidence and prevalence of peripheral arterial disease > https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15622370

[12] Medical management of claudication > https://www.jvascsurg.org/article/S0741-5214(17)30915-1/fulltext

[20] Smoking Cessation in Peripheral Artery Disease > https://www.acc.org/latest-in-cardiology/articles/2020/03/05/07/53/smoking-cessation-in-peripheral-artery-disease


Compression and Pregnancy

It’s hard business growing a little human. As your baby grows, more pressure is placed on the veins and lymphatic vessels in the pelvis and lower body. When you combine this with hormonal changes and increased blood volume, there can be a backup of fluid in the legs and pelvis, and this fluid has a harder time traveling back up against gravity.

Mild-to-moderate swelling during pregnancy is common, especially in the lower extremities. You may even notice varicose veins appearing in the legs as well. Luckily, most of this swelling isn’t serious and can be managed with a combination of lifestyle strategies combined with maternity compression socks.

Compression socks = healthier mom-to-be

Did you know that the risk of developing a blood clot during pregnancy increases 4-5 times more compared to women who aren’t pregnant? When the circulatory system gets backed up, the risk of blood clots increases. If you already have a genetic predisposition, and a history of blood clots developing, then you should speak with your healthcare provider to reduce your risks while pregnant.

What are the signs that might indicate a problem?

  • Rapid progression of severe swelling
  • Swelling accompanied by headaches, blurred vision, or sensitivity to light
  • Severe swelling in the hands and face
  • Swelling that occurs in one leg and not the other, or accompanied by redness, heat, or pain
  • Swelling accompanied by chest pain or difficulty breathing

Swelling that is moderate, present in both legs and stable during the day but reduces at night when you are able to put your feet up, isn’t usually a cause for concern. A great way to manage swelling like this is with compression stockings.

Feel better with compression

Medical compression stockings work in a simple but ingenious way.

Without any side effects, compression stockings help prevent varicose veins, spider veins and water retention during pregnancy. Their defined pressure distribution keeps the veins in shape. The pressure is strongest at the ankle and decreases towards the thigh. This pressure helps reduce the enlarged veins, making the valves more effective in transporting blood to the heart. The result is reduced swelling and legs that feel better.

It is recommended that compression stockings be worn from the third month of pregnancy until two months post-partem or until the end of breastfeeding. The stockings will:

  • Promote venous blood flow return to assist with venous health
  • Help alleviate symptoms associated with pregnancy:
    • swollen feet
    • swollen ankles
    • tired and achy legs

What type of compression is best for me?

The level of compression can vary, as does the style of compression stockings. There are knee-high, thigh-high and full waist-high stockings. The best option for you will be whatever provides you the most support. Well-fitted and lightweight compression is generally not harmful and can protect your blood vessels and lymphatic vessels, reduce the risk of a blood clot and provide you more comfort throughout your day.

Make sure that the compression you use is graduated (tighter at the ankle and reduction of compression as it progresses up the leg.) It usually only needs to be worn during daytime hours, as your body has an easier time with blood circulation when you’re lying down.

Pregnancy should be a joyful experience, but make sure it’s also a healthy one for you and for baby!

To learn more about pregnancy and compression, visit here.


The Technology behind circaid® – Easy, Measurable, Effective

Our full line of inelastic compression therapy wraps, circaid®, provide treatment of venous health and lymphatic conditions, for measurable, adjustable compression that is ideal for both day and nighttime use.

What are inelastic compression wraps?

Inelastic products offer very little to no stretch.  The compression therapy is delivered by the person conducting the application. The more tension that is applied, the greater the compression therapy. The compression alternative, circaid, has a plethora of amazing technologies that benefit the patient.

So, what are these amazing technologies, you may be asking yourself?

Built-In-Pressure System™

Our circaid® line of products have a patented technology that allows the garment to be set to a specific compression range called the Built-In-Pressure System™ (BPS™). Using this technology and the provided BPS™ card, patients are able to set their prescribed compression range while wearing their garment and readjust during the day as needed. Therefore, the appropriate compression range is ensured throughout the days’ wear – allowing for the proper treatment and management of the patients’ chronic venous disease or lymphedema.

Breathe-O-Prene® technology

Our circaid line of products incorporate Breathe-o-Prene® to create a material that is flexible, breathable and comfortable all at the same time. Even with high temperatures outside this summer, the circaid Breath-o-Prene material allows for improved comfort with a material that won’t weigh patients down.

Juxtaposed Band System technology

The Juxtaposed Band System offers optimal fit and easy handling.  With individually adjustable bands that can be adapted to meet the different needs of patients, the band system can also be easily readjusted. This makes for easy application and instant adjustability without garment removal! Thanks to the high-quality hook and loop fasteners, the products are also extremely durable.

These technologies make it clear that the circaid design enhances patient comfort and compliance as a complement and alternative to elastic compression. circaid is great for patients who have difficulty applying traditional elastic stockings, those who may need additional edema control, those with venous ulcers for easy application over primary dressing, and even for chronic conditions like lymphedema that need 24-hour compression therapy.  

Visit our circaid page to learn more about the compression alternative that offers unique, unmatched quality.


Summertime & Compression

We are in luck that medical compression stockings have come a long way since their inception. Many today are made to be as breathable as possible, to ensure patients comply with wear even when the temperatures outside are less than favorable.

Consistent compression therapy is particularly important in the summer. The summer heat can lead to swelling (aka more edema), especially when compression isn’t worn. So those who do suffer from vein diseases, lipedema, or lymphedema experience even more adverse symptoms such as heavy legs or even increased pain.

Because leg swelling can increase during the hot summer months, there are additional things one can do to help their legs. Muscles that are active support the veins in transporting blood. What type of activities can help with this? Swimming and aqua fitness have a double positive effect. The body cools down and the water pressure acts like a compression stocking.

But you don’t have to be in a body of cold water to do your legs some good this summer. Even just sitting down on a hot day can get the veins moving. Rocking and circling your feet, clawing your toes, and tensing and relaxing your calves are simple, effective exercises that help the legs. For those of us who do like outdoor activities, cycling and walking work well for this.

Taking a cold shower at the end of the day will also help constrict the blood vessels due to the cold, which will support your leg veins.

Feel better with mediven® compression

medi®’s premium compression line mediven offers many benefits for summer wearing. The Clima Comfort technology built into the compression stockings prevents heat build-up underneath the stocking and ensures that moisture is quickly transported to the outside and off of the skin.

mediven offers a wide array of compression products for the summer, but the various open toe compression stockings offer the wearer a chance to still partake in the sandal and flip-flop action and feel the sand in between the toes. In addition to the line of mediven compression stockings, the medi day cooling gel from the care series gently cools and comforts patients’ skin while wearing compression stockings. For an added cool kick, put the gel in the fridge!

While it may not seem comfortable to wear compression in the summer, it’s vital. Even people without venous disease tend to have heavy legs and swelling in the summer. So, for venous patients who have pronounced varicose veins or have already had thrombosis, wearing medical compression stockings prescribed by your doctor is key to consistent therapy and overall leg health wellbeing. If you would like to learn more about the 8 warning signs of vein disease, click here.


Prolonged Sitting & Leg Health

Sitting is a part of life, and since the pandemic hit, many professions switched workers to remote working, requiring more at-home zoom meetings where workers sit alone at a desk, usually for many hours of the day. For a large percentage of the population, remote working is still a reality, even 2+ years after the pandemic first hit.

Sitting all-day at a desk may negatively affect the body unfortunately. As sitting time increases, the risk of developing a chronic illness, like vein disease, may also increase. Sitting for long periods of time can cause poor circulation. This excessive pressure in the veins of the lower extremities can also increase blood pooling in the legs, which can contribute to the development of vein disease. As vein problems increase, it can lead to more severe leg conditions over time.

Varicose veins can arise when too much blood pools in the legs, creating pressure within a vein that causes it twist and blow up into a varicose vein. These types of veins can be very painful and deter a positive quality of life and can even indicate a more serious underlying vein problem.

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVTs) can occur when prolonged sitting causes a blood clot to form in the leg veins. This is particularly serious because a blood clot can diminish blood flow. And what is even more serious is if that blood clot breaks away and travels to the lungs, which can cause a pulmonary embolism.

How can I fight the effects of sitting all day?


There is no way to avoid sitting – it is most definitely a part of life. But there are small changes that one can manage that will improve overall leg health. We’ve put together a list of suggestions that can add movement to your day. It’s important to seek out movement in some capacity every day.

  • If sitting, take good form – Avoid sitting with your legs crossed and try to keep the feet flat on the floor.
  • Take breaks – Every two hours to stand, stretch or walk.
  • Adjustable desks help – These desks allow you to alternate between sitting and standing by finding a nice balance between the two.
  • Add a stability ball as a chair – This encourages good posture and activates the stomach, back and leg muscles as you have to work to balance the ball in one place.
  • Accidental exercise – Find ways to be mobile by taking the stairs, parking farther away from your intended destination, etc.…
  • Leg exercises at your desk – Marching in place or doing leg extensions while sitting can help activate your legs while in a sedentary position.
  • Take a break and get outside – Pop outside and enjoy nature for a few minutes.

Sitting for long periods of time not only adversely affects our legs, but our overall health in general. It can also increase the risk of developing other chronic illnesses like diabetes and heart disease, and not to mention things like weight gain, digestive issues, poor posture, muscle weakness and the negative toll it can take on our mental health. If you do feel like you are at risk for vein disease, talk with your healthcare provider about the conservative measure of graduated compression stockings.

If you would like to learn more about vein disease, visit here.


Vein Disease & the Postpartum mom

Postpartum care for new moms is essential in many ways. Not just from a physical standpoint, but also a mental one. First-time mothers especially can put their own needs to the side in favor of taking care of their baby.

While we can note many common post-partum issues a new mom might face (depression, nursing difficulties, clotting of the uterus, infections,) one that is less commonly addressed is postpartum vein health. Many lack basic knowledge that there could be an issue, despite the risk of blood clots remaining high for up to 12 weeks after birth.

So, what can a new mom do to reduce her risk of blood clots and vein disease after baby’s arrival?

  • Exercise: Take it slow, but gradually increase activity to keep from overworking sensitive muscles during recovery.
  • Sit in a healthy way: Keep your legs elevated when you can, as it helps keep the circulatory system operating in peak performance. Also, avoid crossing your legs.
  • For leg pain and varicose veins, try compression stockings, which help blood circulate back to the heart.
  • Be mindful of weight: Keeping weight in check can naturally alleviate extra pressure on the veins but do so healthfully and safely.
  • Treat yourself to a massage: This induces relaxation and boosts circulation, which can help prevent venous disease, blood clots and varicose veins.

What should I keep an eye out for?

Some vein issues, like varicose veins, are nothing too serious and can be treated by following the above tips. But there are two more serious complications that can arise in the post-partum timeframe: Superficial Vein Thrombosis (SVT) and Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT).

Superficial Vein Thrombosis is a blood clot in the surface of the leg veins. These causes irritation, some inflammation and pain. These are typically not life-threatening, but any pain experienced should be evaluated by a medical professional to be safe.

Deep Vein Thrombosis is a serious condition that demands immediate medical attention due to clotting of the deep veins in the legs. Sometimes, but not always, legs can feel sore and achy, even with some swelling. It is imperative that medical attention is sought if you believe you may have DVTs. You can significantly lower your risk with moderate exercise and elevation of the legs.

As a new mom, it is crucial that you be proactive about your health, and diligent about keeping up your overall health and wellbeing with good fitness and nutrition. You’ll want your body in good working order so that it can be there to support and help your new little one in the days, weeks, months and years ahead.

To learn more about pregnancy and vein disease, visit here.

To learn more about vein disease and its 8 warning signs, visit here.


Safety in compression therapy treatment

Compression therapy has long been considered the gold standard for treatment of venous disease. For those with chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), the leg veins don’t allow blood to flow back up to the heart. This is because the valves don’t work as well and that makes the blood flow backwards, which then causes blood to collect in the legs. 

As we age, our risk of co-morbidities increases as do the contraindications (i.e, when not to use compression therapy). Those who have severe CVI are not recommended to use compression therapy, but those who experience mild-to-moderate CVI can benefit from the right compression therapy? By right, we mean safe.

So, what kind of risks are we talking about? The possible risks or those who are at risk for using compression therapy to treat CVI are those who may have diabetes mellitus type 2 and/or Peripheral Arterial Disease.

Those who have diabetes mellitus type 2 have too much sugar in their blood, and too much sugar in the blood stream can cause circulation issues. Using the wrong compression therapy product that has too high of working pressure can create pressure peaks in the foot area that can be hard for a diabetes patient to feel or experience.

PAD, or Peripheral Arterial Disease, is a common circulatory problem in which narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to the limbs, most often due to a buildup of plaque.

This restricted blood flow, especially in the legs, can cause soft tissue atrophy, which in the worst case scenario can lead to open wounds.

Those patients with chronic venous disease and mild-to-moderate PAD can be safely treated with compression stockings, so long as the right compression stocking is used. Luckily, here at medi®, we have a sock that fits the safety requirements for diabetes and mild-to-moderate PAD patients: the mediven® angio.

medi conducted a clinical study1 with 94 patients that addressed the question of how wearing medical compression stockings influences the microcirculation in patients with venous edema and coexisting PAD and/or diabetes mellitus type 2 and its safety. These participants wore the mediven angio in compression classes 15-20 and 20-30 mmHg. The concluding results were that:

  • The use of the medi medical compression stocking mediven angio is safe and feasible with compression classes 15-20 & 20-30 mmHg.
  • The microcirculation is stable under both compression classes and is comparable to the values found in healthy patients.
  • No adverse events such as skin breakdown, lesions or irritations occurred during the study.
  • Patient wearing comfort was good to very good.

The mediven angio has several features that make it not only a safe option, but the comfortable option: 

  • Broad top band that keeps sock securely in place.
  • Solid ribbed structure that provides the ideal ratio between resting and working pressure.
  • An extra-long flat toe seam that reduces pressure points on the toes and feet.
  • Merino plush in the entire foot gives a unique padding throughout the foot and ankle to reduce pressure on bony prominences.

To find out more about the mediven angio, a sock specifically developed for patients with mild-to-moderate diabetes and PAD: