How to treat shoulder injuries:

Shoulder injury treatment involves rest, immobilization, and the application of ice and compression for swelling reduction. Elevating the shoulder minimizes inflammation, and pain management includes over-the-counter medications and professional guidance. Structured physical therapy with stretching and strengthening exercises aids recovery and prevents future problems. Gradual activity resumption under supervision is advised. Correcting contributing factors, such as poor posture, is essential.

Common shoulder injuries:

  • Rotator Cuff Tears
  • Shoulder Impingement
  • Frozen Shoulder (Adhesive Capsulitis)
  • Labral Tears
  • Dislocations and Instabilities
  • AC Joint Sprain or Separation
  • Fractures
  • Bursitis
  • Tendinitis
  • Biceps Tendinopathy

What is a Frozen shoulder?

Frozen shoulder is marked by adhesions or hardening of the joint capsule. The shoulder joint muscles can also be affected.

A problem with the shoulder joint demands a lot of patience. With a frozen shoulder, for instance, the shoulder stays stiff for a very long time. It can be caused by rheumatic disease, osteoarthritis, injuries overuse. The good news though is that it will “thaw out” eventually.

Signs and symptoms​

The first symptom is shoulder pain, which is most noticeable at night. It is typical for the pain to get better on its own in time. By contrast, however, the shoulder constantly grows stiffer and less moveable. Sometimes it can’t even be moved passively anymore. A stabbing pain shoots through the shoulder during everyday movements such as bathing or getting dressed. Frozen shoulder resolves with time, but it can take up to three years as the arm gradually loosens up again.

What causes frozen shoulder?

Frozen shoulder usually occurs as a result (secondary form) of injury. Rheumatic diseases, infections, inflammation or osteoarthritis can also lead to frozen shoulder. Particularly the long-term immobilization of the shoulder joint after operative procedures or accidents can trigger frozen shoulder.

The causes of spontaneous onset frozen shoulder (primary form) are unclear. A number of doctors suspect that metabolic diseases such as diabetes or hyperactivity of the thyroid gland could play a part.


In certain cases, it is very important to immobilize the shoulder after an injury or an operation. We have special immobilization orthoses for this. However, always ask your doctor whether you might be able to start gentle physiotherapy at an early stage.

Early mobilization helps prevent secondary frozen shoulder. Good posture is another preventive measure. Perform all everyday activities as carefully as possible. You should not expect your shoulder joint to bear any one-sided stresses at work or when playing sports. If you suffer from arthritis, get early treatment.


Joint Dislocation

What Is A Joint Dislocation?

The shoulder is prone to dislocation due to its small socket compared to the humerus head, making it highly mobile yet unstable. Dislocation, or luxation, separates joint surfaces, causing the bone to jump out of its socket and shift unnaturally. This occurrence is common in the shoulder, elbow, or fingers, but the good news is that dislocated bones can often be gently reduced. In some cases, a partial dislocation (subluxation) may spontaneously correct itself.

Dislocated Shoulder Symptoms​

A dislocation is very painful. The affected joint cannot be moved and is often swollen. If nerves have also been injured, it is accompanied by pins and needles and numbness.

The doctor can usually find out whether the socket is empty just by palpation. They will usually take X-rays to rule out secondary injuries such as a tear in the joint capsule or ligaments or broken bones.

How to treat dislocated shoulders

Treating dislocations involves immediate first aid by immobilizing and cooling the joint. Only a doctor can perform reduction, often using local or short general anesthesia. Various methods, all involving pulling on the upper arm, aim to put the dislocated bone back in place. If unsuccessful, surgical reduction under general anesthesia is considered, followed by immobilization with supports or a cast.

What bracing is used to treat shoulder injuries

medi ® provides various shoulder support options tailored to different shoulder injuries. The Omomed shoulder support by medi® enables easy self-application and movement. It is advised to cautiously mobilize the shoulder soon after immobilization to prevent capsule shrinkage.

medi shoulder associated products

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