What is osteoarthritis?
The knee joint connects the thigh bone to the shinbone. The ends of both bones are covered with cartilage and held together by an articular capsule. Muscles, ligaments, and tendons ensure the stability of the knee joint.
The term osteoarthritis (joint wear and tear) is used to describe one of the most common diseases of the skeletal and locomotor systems. Osteoarthritis of the knee is a painful, non-inflammatory, irreversible degenerative joint disease caused by erosion of the articular cartilage.
medi offers support for everyday patient care through the entire treatment for osteoarthritis, beginning at the diagnosis while promoting patient self-management. Our portfolio includes highly effective products that promote higher compliance – for significant pain relief and better quality of life.
What causes OA of the knee?
- Trauma during sports and recreational activities
- Overloading by heavy physical labor
- A congenital deformity of the joints
- Metabolic disorders
- Being overweight or genetic predisposition
Symptoms & warning signs of OA
Joint pain can be the first sign of osteoarthritis. It is usually aggravated by cold, damp weather or loading the joint. Abrupt movements or even extended periods of sitting or standing can feel particularly unpleasant. If you have pain in these situations, this could be a sign of wear and tear of your joints, and possibly osteoarthritis.
Doctors call these initial symptoms “start-up pain,” “pain on-loading,” or “fatigue pain.” No matter what symptoms you may have, talk to your doctor about it.
Osteoarthritic Knee Treatments
Besides exercise, nutrition, physical therapy, and/or medication, functional treatment is an important element of success: orthoses relieve stress on the affected joint.
Effective pain relief means improved compliance and outcomes
Studies show that knee braces are effective in decreasing pain, joint stiffness, and drug dosage while improving physical function.
Tips for people with osteoarthritis of the knee
Although the following tips have been compiled for people with osteoarthritis of the knee, they are also helpful for those with other forms of osteoarthritis.
Suitable sports for patient with osteoarthritis of the knee
Orthoses prevent one-sided stresses due to deformities. At the same time, supports can improve so-called proprioception, i.e. perception of your own body in space. They reduce the risk of injury, protect the joint and slow down cartilage degeneration.
Treatment with support or orthoses should be given in combination with other treatment options. For example, physical treatment with physiotherapy and massage plays a central role. Both promote the mobility of and blood circulation in the affected joints.