What are the most common Foot Deformities?
Foot deformities are more common than you think. They not only cause symptoms in the feet, but they can also lead to skeletal misalignment causing problems in the hips, back or knees. One quarter of the bones in the human body are in the feet. Our feet are also comprised of 33 joints and more than 100 muscles, tendons and ligaments. On average, they take about 5,000 steps every day. One in five people will experience some sort of foot pain or ailment in their lifetime. We have solutions for them.
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Splay foot (pes transversovalgus) is a very common deformity that is also known as “flat foot.” The underside ball of the foot is flattened causing the forefoot to broaden. Obesity, overstrain in sports and poorly trained muscles of the feet can often cause splay foot. This condition often causes load-dependent pain while walking and standing, and usually dissipates while resting or relieving weight from the foot.
Many infants have skew foot deformity, in one or both feet. The shape of the foot is characterized by a flattening of the longitudinal arch and the foot bending inward when walking. It often looks like a “C” shape. In most cases, the skew foot corrects itself.
Claw foot is the opposite of flat foot in that the inside and outside longitudinal arches are considerably more prominent. This leads to overloading of the forefoot and heel. A claw foot can be hereditary or it can develop following paralysis or nerve damage in the muscles of the feet. A claw foot is not necessarily harmful and may not require treatment, but it can cause pain or result in the development of other disorders.
A calcaneal spur (heel spur) is a bony outgrowth from the heel bone. They are often painless but can cause heel pain and are frequently associated with plantar fasciitis. If a heel spur is painful and left
untreated, normal walking is very painful. The causes include the wrong footwear, obesity, excessive loading during sports or long periods of standing.
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