Patella, Tendinitis, Knee Pain
What causes knee pain?
The knee or knee joint is the largest joint in the human body. The knee is a pivotal hinge joint. It permits flexion and extension of the leg, as well as slight internal and external rotation when flexed.
Due to the complex anatomy of the knee, knee pain can have many causes. These are typically divided between knee pain resulting from injuries and knee pain resulting from degenerative changes.
While a knee injury often causes pain in young people (for example, during sports), degenerative changes of the knee are usually experienced by the elderly. Acute knee injuries are caused by external forces (i.e., contusions, kicks, or impacts like in accidents or during sports.) Degenerative changes occur when the cartilage layer begins to breakdown over time.
What are the most common types of knee pain?
Chondromalacia (Anterior Knee Pain)
How can I treat knee pain?
The treatment of knee pain depends on the cause. The following conservative therapeutic options are often applied:
- Anti-inflammatory painkillers and ointments
- Heat or cold treatment
- Orthopedic medical devices
- Muscle training (strengthening and stretching)
- Electrotherapy and ultrasound treatment