What are venous diseases?
Veins in our legs carry blood back to our hearts. They have one-way valves that keep bleed from flowing backwards. If you have a venous disease, the valves won’t work as they should, and some blood may go back down the legs. If veins cannot operate effectively, the blood pools in the legs, and various forms of venous disease can develop.
Chronic venous diseases are widespread. The predisposition is often genetically programmed, but factors such as standing or sitting a great deal at work, obesity and lack of physical exercise can also play a role. Tired and heavy legs, pins and needles or swollen ankles can all be signs of venous insufficiency. Preventative measures can be taken by interpreting venous insufficiency changes early.
Examples of venous diseases
The venous system
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Signs and symptoms
Venous insufficiency is often genetic. But, other factors such as basic connective tissue laxity, pregnancies and hormonal changes can create venous disorders. Alcohol, which relaxes blood vessels, can also have an effect, as can obesity and persistent digestive problems. Habits such as standing or sitting a great deal and a lack of physical exercise are also factors in developing a venous disease. Travel can also pose risks to your vein health.
Plenty of physical exercise and specific vein exercises keep your veins healthy and elastic. The alternating contraction and relaxation of the muscles in the legs really keep your blood on the move.
If you are diagnosed with a venous disease, you should start wearing compression garments regularly. This way, you will also prevent spider veins and varicose veins from occurring. In many cases, garments in the lower compression classes will suffice. Durable medical equipment retailers often sell trendy varieties that don’t look like compression stockings at all.
In addition, it’s best to leave your high heels in the closet more often and wear flat shoes. In high heels, the muscles in the feet are fairly inactive and the pressure the muscles exert on the venous system is weaker. In flat shoes, in contrast, the foot can roll over easily, which, in turn, activates the calf muscle pump.
How can venous diseases be treated?
Venous diseases are not curable, but they do respond well to treatment. There are many treatment methods, even for advanced clinical pictures. The most important of these are compression treatment and vein surgery.
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