What are diabetic ulcers?
When diabetes escalates, or is not managed properly, a patient can develop an ulcer most commonly found on the foot. Ulcers develop due to elevated glucose levels, poor circulation or an unhealthy diet. Patients can also develop neuropathy that make ulcers difficult to detect from nerve damage caused by the high glucose levels. This lack of feeling can contribute to ulceration due to friction or pressure.
The initial treatment of a diabetic ulcer is to ensure any infections are addressed and the wound is debrided of unhealthy skin tissue. The ulcer is then treated with dressings to keep a moist wound bed and off load the foot to reduce friction and pressure. With properly controlled glucose levels and a well-maintained, moist wound environment, diabetic ulcers can be healed successfully.